physical and chemical properties of alkanes, alkenes and alkynes ppt

Alkynes resemble the alkenes and alkanes in physical properties.The molecules that have a lower molecular weight are gases at room temperature and as the molecular weight increases their physical state changes from gas to liquid and then to solids. << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.0.3) >> Alkanes and alkenes do not react as follows. << 29 0 obj Alkanes Are composed of hydrocarbons having only single bonds between carbon (C C) atoms. Melting points of alkenes are higher than alkanes because p electrons of double bond are polarizable. To compare the chemical reactivity of an alkane, an alkene, and an aromatic compound.

(Classes of Hydrocarbons)

Alcohols. /Subtype /Form This makes alkenes far more reactive than alkanes. /Filter /FlateDecode First 4 members are gases. They are colourless and odourless.

The characteristic reaction of alkanes is substitution; that of alkenes and alkynes is addition to the double or triple bond. 4 0 obj C 5-C 18 are liquids and higher members are solids. M.P. – The simplest of the functional groups are the hydrocarbons, which include the alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, and aromatic hydrocarbons. 33 0 obj

This triple bond contributes to the nonpolar bonding strength, linear, and the acidity of alkynes.

endobj /BBox [0 0 100 100] 36 0 obj As a result, intermolecular forces of attraction are stronger. Physical Properties include nonpolar due to slight solubility in polar solvents and insoluble in water. (Acetylene) Table 8.1 shows that the boiling points of straight-chain alkenes increase with increasing molar mass, just as with alkanes. Physical Properties.

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endstream Physical Properties Winthrop Chemistry 793246 PPT.

Melting points of alkenes are higher than alkanes because p electrons of double bond are polarizable. This leads to them having different properties, and different chemistry.

endobj /Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0] Most of these chemical reactionsoccur at the Carbon-Carbon double bonds.

Physical Properties. inc. With inc.

For example, alkynes undergo many of the typical addition reactions of alkenes. C 5-C 18 are liquids and higher members are solids. Physical Properties of Alkynes. >> endobj

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They are colourless and odourless. /Length 15 Alkanes and alkenes physical properties and chemical properties ... Alkanes, alkenes &alkynes Physical Sciences Break 1.0. They …

Others Carotene Vitamin A. (Combustion) 24 0 obj To use physical and chemical properties to identify an unknown. The physical properties of alkenes are similar to those of thealkanes.

endobj stream & B.P. Experiment: Reactions of alkanes, alkenes, and cycloalkenes* Purpose: To investigate the physical properties, solubility, and density of some hydrocarbon. Fruit coloring Sec. 16 0 obj All alkynes higher than these eleven are solids 39 0 obj First 4 members are gases. 07 - Structure and Synthesis of Alkenes - Wade 7th Nattawut Huayyai. (Reaction with Bromine) (Chemical Properties) << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.0.3) >>

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Chemical Properties of Alkanes Alkanes are the least reactive type of organic compound.

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19 0 obj 22 0 obj 13.8 Properties of Alkenes Objectives Determine the properties of alkenes Properties of Alkenes Similar to alkanes Occur widely in nature Ethylene Triggers fruit ripening Can be used artifically. << /Filter /FlateDecode

35 0 obj Presentation Summary : Properties of Alkenes. >> 18 0 obj

Classes of Hydrocarbons Hydrocarbons can be divided into several di erent classes or depending on the functional group present. endobj A family of organic compounds with ; similar CHEMICAL properties; Chemical properties due to same ; FUNCTIONAL GROUP; PHYSICAL properties changes gradually ; down each series . /FormType 1 << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.0.5) >> << /S /GoTo /D (subsection.0.1) >>

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